Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally.
It led to deaths of almost 9.6 million people in 2018.
Almost 1 in 6 deaths around the world occur as a result of cancer.
In the world 17 people die of cancer every minute.
Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer is known to occur in low- and middle-income countries.
February 4th is the World Cancer Day and theme for this year is I am and I will.
A report published by WHO in 2018 has shown that cancer mortality in Nepal is higher in females as compared to males‒7,400 and 6,900 respectively. Based on hospitals’ data approximately 8,000‒10,000 new cases of cancer are identified every year in Nepal.
Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal has been listed on top of the 10 most cancer affected districts in Nepal followed by Sunsari, Morang, Chitwan, Jhapa, Lalitpur, Rupandehi, Kaski, Nawalparasi and Bhaktapur. [This could also indicate where the patients with cancer mostly seek treatment from, not just that the patients belong to these districts.]
For 2020 the incidence rate of cancer per 100,000 is estimated to be 41.4 in female and 38.5 in male in Nepal.
Various non‒government organizations like Nepal Cancer Relief Society, Cancer Society Nepal, Cancer Care Nepal and Astha Cancer Foundation are also working on cancer awareness, prevention and diagnosis in Nepal.
Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of cancer. Tobacco is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths.
Of all cases of cancers 30-50% of cancer cases are known to be preventable.
The following behaviors can help reduce the risk of cancer: maintaining a healthy body mass index, eating high amounts of fruits and vegetables, exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco use, and limiting alcohol use.
Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25% of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries.
Only 1 in 5 low- and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive cancer policy.
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